As a songwriter, you might have heard the terms songwriting and composition being used interchangeably. While they both involve the creation of music, there are some subtle differences that set them apart.
Songwriting is the art of writing lyrics, creating melodies, and arranging them in a way that creates a complete song. This process usually involves writing lyrics that tell a story, convey emotions, or express a message, and creating a melody that complements the lyrics. Songwriters also have to arrange the melody, add harmonies, and choose the instrumentation that will bring their vision to life. Songwriting is usually associated with popular music genres, such as pop, rock, country, and folk.
Composition, on the other hand, involves the creation of music that is not necessarily intended to be sung or performed by a specific person. It can be instrumental or vocal and can be performed by a soloist or an ensemble. Composers use various musical elements such as melody, harmony, rhythm, and form to create a piece of music that can stand alone as an artistic work. Composition is usually associated with classical music, but can also be found in genres such as jazz and experimental music.
While the two terms have different definitions, there is some overlap between songwriting and composition. For example, a songwriter might use compositional techniques such as creating a complex harmony or using an unusual time signature to make their song stand out. Similarly, a composer might use songwriting techniques such as writing a catchy melody or adding lyrics to their instrumental piece.
In some cases, songwriters may also be skilled composers who can write instrumental pieces in addition to writing songs. Similarly, composers may also incorporate lyrics into their compositions. However, the primary focus and expertise of each process are typically different. Ultimately, both songwriting and composition are important parts of the music creation process, and many musicians may choose to develop skills in both areas to expand their creative abilities.